Quaternary landscape development emphasizing the history of glaciation.

Faculty: Arts
Subject: Geographical Sciences
Year / Level: 3
Theme(s): Climate Science



This course covers landscape development in the Quaternary Era, emphasizing the history of glaciation in western North America; interpretation of surficial materials and landforms to understand past climates; and applications of geomorphology for hazards analysis, resource development, environmental history and land management.


  1. To examine the processes of landscape development during the Quaternary Era, with particular focus on the timing and impacts of glaciation in British Columbia.
  2. To develop interpretive and analytical skills for the study of glacial and paraglacial environments, landforms and materials.
  3. To apply methods of assessing surficial materials, landforms and natural hazards for the purposes of land use and management, hazards analysis and reconstructing past climates and environmental history.
  4. To critically evaluate relevant, state-of-the-art geomorphological literature.

The material and techniques from this course can be applied to further environmental studies or professional work, and hence we will focus on honing our interpretive skills for ‘reading’ the stories of past climate change in the landscape.


Check SSC to see if the course is currently offered and if you meet pre-requisites etc.

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Read a copy of the course syllabus to see reading lists, assignments, grading, and more.



Michele Koppes

"I'm passionate about exploring how landscapes respond to the cascading effects of climate change, now and in the past."